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What Factors Contribute to a Sustainable Building?

When we think of sustainable buildings, our minds immediately jump to eco-friendly materials, energy-efficient appliances, and natural lighting. While all these components are extremely important when creating a sustainable building, there is much more to it. A truly sustainable building not only has to protect the environment but also preserve human health and safety, as well as efficiently use its resources.

In other words, they are not just about minimizing resource use, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste. They should also be places where occupants are inclined to return daily. In this blog post, we’ll explore some of the most important factors contributing to a sustainable building. Each factor has different implications for different types of buildings (e.g., homes vs. commercial properties). But together, they have a significant impact on the long-term performance of a building.

#1 Location and Microclimate

The location of a building plays a big role in its sustainability. For example, a building situated in an area with a lot of natural sunlight will require less artificial lighting than one located in a shady spot. Similarly, a building exposed to strong winds will need to be designed differently than one located in a calm area.

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#2 Materials

When we think about sustainability, the first thing that comes to mind is the environment. But one of the most important aspects of sustainable buildings is the materials used. Buildings are the second-largest source of CO2 emissions. So, selecting sustainable, durable, and low-emission materials can make a huge difference.

Cement, steel, aluminum, and copper are a few of the most commonly used building materials. All these materials emit greenhouse gasses during production. Steel, cement, and copper are responsible for about 10% of global CO2 emissions. On the other hand, aluminum is much more sustainable than you might think. That’s because it takes much less energy to produce aluminum than other metals.

#3 Energy-Efficient Technologies

Energy is another factor that makes a building sustainable. Buildings consume more than 40% of the world’s energy. So, if your building consumes too much energy, it pollutes the environment. It’s one of the most important aspects of any building and something that can easily be improved. There are many ways to improve your building’s energy use efficiency.

Some of the most common and effective solutions include- installing energy-efficient appliances, improving insulation, and upgrading the building’s HVAC system. These might sound like costly upgrades, but they are actually quite affordable. The US Department of Energy found that every dollar spent on energy-efficient technologies can save more than $5. The return on investment for energy-efficient technologies can be as high as 100%.

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#4 Responsible Construction Practices

Construction practices are another important factor when it comes to sustainable buildings. The building materials you choose and how they are constructed can significantly impact the environment. But they can also have a negative impact on the health and safety of the occupants of the building.

Many sustainable buildings are built using low-emission, non-toxic, and durable materials. Wood, for example, is one of the most sustainable materials available. It’s renewable, non-toxic, and biodegradable. If construction materials are sourced locally, they reduce the amount of transportation and CO2 emissions. These practices can also have a positive impact on the occupants of the building. They reduce the amount of noise pollution, such as the noise created by heavy machinery and dust.

Switching to green roofing is another example of good construction practices. Green roofs are vegetated rooftops that help to insulate the building, reduce stormwater runoff, and improve air quality. They also create a more pleasant environment for the occupants of the building. If you prefer having this on your building, you may want to consult with the best roofers in New Britain first. If you live around the area, we recommend Roofer of New Britain. They can help you achieve the best results.


A sustainable building is designed and built with the environment in mind. It balances the needs of people who will inhabit space with the planet’s needs. While this might sound like a lofty goal, when done correctly, there are many benefits to this type of design. By choosing materials that are sustainable, energy-efficient technologies, and responsible construction practices, you can create a space that will last for years to come. These buildings are not only good for the environment but also for the occupants and owners of the property.